Health Consequences of Contraceptive Use

(Click on Footnotes for Summaries)

Cancer Cardiovascular

Long-term Use of Oral Contraceptives Increases the Risks of Certain Cancers [1]

Oral Contraceptives Associated with Breast Cancer  [2] [3] 

Long-term Use of Oral Contraceptives Early in Life Increases Risk of Breast Cancer [4] [5] [6]

Oral Contraceptives and Hormone Replacement Therapy Associated with Breast Cancer [7]

Oral Contraceptives Increase Risk of Cervical Cancer [8]

Hormone Therapy Trial Stopped Due to Increased Cancers and Heart Disease [9]

Hormonal Contraception (Evra Patch) and the Risk of Death [10]

Oral Contraceptives Can Increase the Risk of Heart Attack [11]


Birth Control Pills Linked to Artery-Clogging Plaques [12]

Progestin-Only Contraceptives Increase Risk of Diabetes in Women [13]

Oral Contraceptives Can Increase Risk of Strokes in "Migrainous Women" [14]

Risk of Blood Clots Tied to Hormonal Contraceptives [15] [16] [17]

Contraceptive Pill May Affect Mate Choice [19]


Risk of Inflammatory Bowel disease Increased with Oral Contraceptive Use   [20]          

The Pill Does Not Prevent STDs  [21]

Condoms Do Not Prevent Common STDs [22]  [23]

Increased Risk of Getting HIV [24]

Risk of Vitamin Deficiency [25]

Risk of Skin Cancer[26]

  • Depo Increases HIV Risk[27]

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