More than 110 million people in the United States are currently living with an incurable sexually transmitted disease. Each year an additional 20 million people become infected with an STI/STD, many of which will be lifelong infections.

STI/STD

Incidence*

Prevalence**

Health Consequences1


Chlamydia


2.8 million


1,570,000

- Can lead to PID
- In men, may lead to
  pain or swelling in the
  scrotal area
- Left untreated, these
  complications can
  prevent people from
  having children


Gonorrhea


820,000


270,000

- Can lead to PID
- Increased risk of HIV


Hepatitis B


19,000


422,000

- Can lead to liver disease, cancer and failure


Herpes HSV-2


776,000


24,100,000

- Increases risk of HIV

HIV

41,400

908,000

- Can cause AIDS


Human Papilloma virus


14,100,000


79,100,000

- Cervical, anal, throat, mouth, penile, vaginal, or vulvar cancers

 

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

750,000 1 million

- Scarring of woman's reproductive organs can lead to infertility, ectopic pregnancy, pain, abcesses, etc.


Syphilis


55,400


117,000

- 3 to 7 percent of
  persons with
  untreated syphilis
  develop neurosyphilis


Trichomoniasis


1,090,000


3,710,000

- Increased risk of HIV
- May cause a woman
  to deliver a low-birth
  weight or premature
  infant

 

*    Estimated number of new cases each year
**  Estimated number of people currently infected
 

Source: Centers for Disease Control, Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, February 2013 Accessed February 2016

1Information is based upon materials published by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases website (November 10, 2010). Viewed Feb. 2016


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